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Daylight



1875 Voyage of the Ship "Daylight" to Western Australia

Presented here is a list of "selected emigrants" and a list of "nominated emigrants" who departed London, England on Thursday 27 May 1875 arriving in Fremantle, Western Australia on 28 August 1875 and some background and other information on the ship and voyage.

Background

In September 1874 the Legislative Council of Western Australia decided to sponsor immigration in order to overcome the shortage of labour. A Stipendiary Magistrate, E. H. Laurence, was on long service leave in England at the time and advantage was taken of this fact to appoint him a temporary immigration agent. Laurence was supplied with a list of 220 people nominated by friends in the colony and a list of applicants requiring labour. He was authorised to charter a ship to convey 400 migrants and to make arrangements for later consignments.

He hired premises in London, communicated with the nominated individuals and several agents of the Emigration Board. He also went out to the country, addressing meetings and distributing handbills amongst friends and working men's clubs. The task was far from easy as recent similar efforts on behalf of Queensland and New Zealand had drained the numbers of potential migrants. He therefore decided to aim for his quota of migrants by sending them in instalments.

The first group of 141 migrants sailed on the Lady Elizabeth from Gravesend on 9th March 1875 with his younger brother , the Reverend Henry Laurence, who had been offered the Geraldton parish, taking passage as ship's chaplain.

The second group left England in May aboard the Daylight bringing another 160 people including EH Laurence. Although he was still below his quota, he had organised with ship owners to take further groups on subsequent voyages. The captain of the Daylight was Captain Bush.

Information found of four references to this voyage of the Daylight in the JS Battye Library, LISWA, Perth, Western Australia. The first two are articles published in The Royal Western Australian Historical Society Early Days Journal:

  • JHM Honniball, "E.H. Lawrence, Stipendiary Magistrate - Part 2", Vol. VII, Part VIII, 1976, PP 8-.
  • JHM Honniball, "The Experiences of a Migrant of 1875. The Letters of Robert Lind", Vol. VII, Part VIII, 1976, PP 69-.

These give a general background, as indicated above, and some details of the the journey including a list of rations for weekly consumption. Robert Lind was also a passenger on the Daylight.

The third reference is a transcript of the Diary of John Turton, also a passenger. These are sparse diary entries written before, during and after the voyage.

  • J. Turton, private diary transcripts kept in the private collection of the JS Battye Library. (reader's card required)

Most of the details of the ship's journey can be found here and a brief summary of general happenings is below. There are of course more personal recordings including the death of one of Turton's sons.

Instructions were provided to passengers."Emigrants must provide their own outfit: Smallest quantity for males over 12: 6 shirts; 6 pair stockings; 2 warm flannel shirts; 2 pairs of good boots or shoes; 2 complete suits of strong exterior clothing; 4 towels; 2 lbs of best yellow soap."

  • 27 May: Departed London Docks (picture). Sang songs.
  • 26 June: In the tropics. Many of the sailors and passengers are sleeping on the decks. There was a sudden rain shower so they ran for pails to fill with rain water. Later there is a great downpour and the men ran naked and half-naked across the deck with pails filling.
  • 11 July: Very little breeze - ship is slow.
  • 28 July: Very heavy hail storm. Position: Latitude 36�40' S, Longitude 18�42' E.
  • School classes and exams were conducted on the journey. Prizes were given to the best students.
  • 26 August: Speed was 10-11 knots all day, covering 220 miles. The order was given for the anchor to be taken out of the hold, which occupied the whole day.
  • 27 August: Strong winds make the vessel roll and high seas break over the ship.
  • 28 August: Heavy clouds over the sea and occasional rain. 11 A.M.: "Land Ho" was called and they soon saw the lighthouse at Rottnest Island. The ship cast anchor at 1:30 P.M., opposite Fremantle.
    The Laurences, the Captain and the doctor were all given "testimonials" by the passengers which were received "with pleasure"
  • 29 August: The Emigration Commissioner came on board and told passengers they would be taken to Perth by steamer and their luggage would follow on another steamer.

On the journey there were 2 births and 5 deaths: A child born the previous day; a child of 2 years 10 months ("constipation of the bowels"), a 9 year old boy ("brain fever"); a 44 year old man ("asthma" - but was 'far gone before he came on the ship'); and a sailor of about 26, injured whilst steering the ship in rough weather.

Generally the passengers were satisfied with the comfort and food supplied.

Other Information

Does anyone know if these pictures are really this Daylight?

Picture 1 Picture 4 Picture 7Photos were found by searching for "ship daylight"
(without quotes) on the Picture Australia web site.
Picture 2 Picture 5 Picture 8
Picture 3 Picture 6 Picture 9

I cannot confirm that it is the right one, though the year of launch matches (1875) if this voyage was its maiden voyage. I have a note from a newspaper film archive that the Daylight was an "A1 Clipper Barque" and the description from the above photos is "Four masted barque".

The one pictured sank in San Francisco Bay.

Passenger List

The fourth reference is a newspaper article listing the arriving passengers.

  • West Australia Times published on 23 July 1875, film archives.

From this list, I obtained the birth year and occupation at the time of my great grandfather, Benjamin George Henry COX.

I transcribed the whole passenger list and published it here, with the information above, as my little way to give something back to the genealogy community in general after receiving some generous offers of help and information towards my family history research from a number people on the net. If this information here only helps one person, I'll be happy. Please let me know if you find it useful.

Selected Emigrants
Family NameGiven Name(s)AgeSing/MarrOccupationNotes
GILESGeorge22SingleFarm Labourer 
SHANDYFrancis25SingleFarm Labourer 
NARRIEAllan25SingleFarm Labourer 
NARRIEThomas20SingleFarm Labourer 
MORGANHenry32SingleFarm Labourer 
PRICKETTGeorge Edward18SingleFarm Labourer 
COXBenjamin19SingleFarm Labourer 
WEEKSWalter27MarriedFarm Labourer 
WEEKSElizabeth24Married  
WEEKSMargaret4   
MORGANJohn24MarriedFarm Labourer 
MORGANAngelina26Married  
HONXWELLJohn39MarriedFarm LabourerReportedly this name
is mis-spelt and should
be HAUXWELL.
It appears from FreeBMD
that "Francis" should
be "Frances"
HONXWELLElizabeth40Married 
HONXWELLMary22  
HONXWELLJoseph14  
HONXWELLFrancis7  
HONXWELLIsabella3  
HONXWELLJohn9m  
CUNNOLDAlbert32MarriedFarm Labourer 
CUNNOLDMartha28Married  
CUNNOLDMartha Amelia3   
CUNNOLDOliver Albert2   
CUNNOLDArthur Locke7m   
FITZGIBBONJames39MarriedFarm Labourer 
FITZGIBBONMary37Married  
FITZGIBBONJulia16   
FITZGIBBONMary15   
FITZGIBBONJohn13   
FITZGIBBONJames9   
FITZGIBBONEllen4   
FITZGIBBONCharlotte1   
CATCHPOLEGeorge23MarriedLabourer 
CATCHPOLEMary Anne22Married  
CATCHPOLEGeorge William9m   
HAUNNERSJohn22MarriedLabourer
Reportedly this name
is mis-spelt and should
be STAMMERS
HAUNNERSAnnie19Married 
HAUNNERSMary Anne1  
JONESJohn37MarriedLabourer 
JONESAnn37Married  
JONESMary13   
JONESMargaret12   
JONESDavid7   
JONESWilliam5   
JONESSusannah4m   
SANLAVILLEMarius24MarriedLabourer 
SANLAVILLEEmiline18Married  
LINDRobert27SingleTeamster 
MARKSamuel19SingleTeamster 
DAVIESJoseph William21SingleTeamster 
WINWOODJohn28MarriedTeamster 
WINWOODEllen22Married  
WINWOODEliza2   
WINWOODAlice4m   
FORRESTMalcolm19SingleShepherd 
FITZROYDufton23SingleShepherd 
SPIREYWilliam Frederick29SingleLabourer 
JONESEllis21SingleLabourer 
JONESWilliam20SingleLabourer 
ENGLANDJoseph Henry20SingleLabourer 
HETHERINGTONNathan21SingleLabourer 
HETHERINGTONJoseph23SingleLabourer 
BATTYLevi44MarriedLabourer 
BATTYMary40Married  
BATTYWilliam15   
BATTYGeorge13   
BATTYCharles11   
BATTYAnne11   
BATTYHarvey9   
PEARSONCharles30SingleLabourer 
MITCHELLJoshua24SingleLabourer 
TIFFANNYWashington22SingleLabourer 
EATCHWilliam24SingleLabourer 
BALAAMBenjamin22SingleLabourer 
HEPWORTHJohn36MarriedLabourer 
HEPWORTHSarah35Married  
HEPWORTHClara15   
HEPWORTHErnest12   
HEPWORTHHerbert7   
HEPWORTHEsther Hanna4   
HEPWORTHElizabeth2   
HEPWORTHRaymond9m   
BALAAMBenjamin27MarriedLabourer 
BALAAMMargaret23Married  
BALAAMHerbert1   
MAYNSJohn41MarriedEngineer 
MAYNSMary41Married  
MAYNSWilliam15   
MAYNSAnne11   
MAYNSRebecca4   
MAYNSFrederick9m   
TURNERJohn Henry27MarriedFarrier 
TURNERElizabeth30Married  
TURNERArthur10   
TURNEREmily Elizabeth4m   
DAVYBenjamin15SingleMiner 
DAVYJob20SingleMiner 
TREDREWJames39MarriedMiner 
TREDREWAnn38Married  
TREDREWJas. Henry16   
TREDREWJohn13   
TREDREWWilliam9   
TREDREWEmily6   
TREDREWRichard4   
DAVYJoshua Batty26MarriedMiner 
DAVYMary Batty23Married  
DAVYWilfred Lawson Batty2   
TIPPINSRichard22MarriedWheelwright sailed to S.Aust 1876
TIPPINSMary Anne21Married  died in Perth 1875
SPEAKJoseph34MarriedTurner And Brazier 
SPEAKAnnie34Married  
SPEAKSarah Jane7   
SPEAKHerbert Edward3   
SPEAKJoseph2   
DONOHUEJames22SingleShoemaker 
CHAPMANGeorge Barrow28SingleShoemaker 
COLLETTRobert33MarriedShoemaker 
COLLETTElizabeth33Married  
COLLETTRobert Andrew4   
COLLETTWilliam2   
KENNEDYJoseph37MarriedShoemaker 
KENNEDYMary Anne37Married  
HARGRAVEOwen31MarriedShoemaker 
HARGRAVEMargaret28Married  
HARGRAVESeth5   
HARGRAVEWalter3   
HARGRAVESarah Ann1   
WRIGHTGeorge Thomas26SingleMiller 
KEYMERIsrael24SingleMiller 
MEANNEdward33MarriedMiller 
MEANNMary29Married  
MEANNEdward6   
MEANNEmily4   
MEANNAda3   
MEANNCharles John11m   
TURTONJohn33MarriedMiller 
TURTONFrances24Married  
TURTONSamuel12   
TURTONJohn Henry7   
TURTONArthur4   
TURTONLilian1   
TERJohn Henry23MarriedMiller 
TERFanny25Married  
HIRSTWalter23SingleWellsinker 
HUGHESJohn27MarriedMason 
HUGHESMary Ann28Married  
HUGHESJames4   
HUGHESMary Ann2   
HUGHESMarion7m   
RILEYJohn22MarriedTimber Cutter 
RILEYMary Ann27Married  
CUMMINSRalph33MarriedJoiner 
CUMMINSCaroline31Married  
CUMMINSAnnie2   
RUSHJ. R.25MarriedBarberpaid half passage
RUSHMary Alice Selby20Married  
RUSHJames Selby2   
JONESCharles19SingleGardener 
HUNTGeorge30MarriedGardener 
HUNTJane Eliza22Married  
HUNTGeorge1   
PROVENJames31SingleSawyer 
JACKSONWalter35SingleSawyer 
FARLEYJoseph21MarriedTanner 
FARLEYAnnie19Married  
GARDINERCharles19SingleTanner 
GARDINERThomas21MarriedTanner 
GARDINERLouisa18Married  
DAVISMary Anne19SingleDomestic Servant 
MATTHEWSHarriet25SingleDomestic Servant 
LOVELACEElsie Elizabeth32SingleDomestic Servant 
SMITHElvira19SingleDomestic Servant 
ROGERSJane18SingleDomestic Servant 
CANNONMary27SingleDomestic Servant 
NASHLouisa20SingleDomestic Servant 
EVANSAnnie38SingleDomestic Servant 
EVANSAnnie13SingleDomestic Servant 
PEGDENHenry15SingleFarm Apprenticefrom Bisby Farm School
MAHONYCharles16SingleFarm Apprentice 
WOODCOCKRobert15 Farm Apprentice 
FARMERCharles16SingleFarm Apprentice 
TAYLORGeorge16SingleFarm Apprentice 
TOWLERAlfred17SingleFarm Apprentice 
 
Nominated Emigrants
Family NameFirst Name(s)AgeSing/MarrNominated By 
DOWNESMartin24SingleM. Downes 
HOGANJohn30SingleP. Hogan 
GOODWINThomas28SingleE. Goodwin 
REEDHenry28SingleF. Flynn 
SHENTONMary Ann18SingleJob. Shenton 

Notes:

* See reference

** Marital status of Robert LIND listed in the paper is incorrect - he was married though travelled alone.

# "Immigrants not yet engaged" as published in West Australia Times on 17 September 1875 [film archives]

@ I have been contacted by people researching these names. If you are too I can put you in touch with each other.

Warren [warrenj@mac.com]
Perth, Western Australia
Originally published: April 2000

Linked toAlbert CUNNOLD; Horace CUNNOLD; Martha HEARN

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